tags:Events Interface Opensips 事件接口 创建时间:2015-09-19 20:28:08

The Events Interface is an OpenSIPS interface that provides different ways to notify external applications about certain events triggered inside OpenSIPS. Overview

In order to notify an external application about OpenSIPS internal events, the Event Interface provides the following functions:
manages exported events
manages subscriptions from different applications
exports generic functions to raise an event (regardless the transport protocol used)
communicates with different transport protocols to send the events
More detailed information about OpenSIPS Event Interface can be found in the Event Interface Tutorial.

There are several types of events that can be exported by OpenSIPS:
Core events - internal events that trigger changes of OpenSIPS core/global behavior. A full list of exported core events can be found here.
Modules events - events triggered by each module, when loaded. Each module can export zero, one or more events. Details can be found in the documentation page of each module.
Custom events - triggered from script using the raise_event() command.
Transport Protocols

External applications can be notified about the events triggered using various transport protocols. While the interface itself is provided by OpenSIPS core, each transport protocol is implemented by a separate OpenSIPS module. Multiple transport modules can be loaded simultaneously in order to provide different ways of notifications.
Available transport protocols are :
event_datagram - sends Datagrams over UDP or UNIX sockets
event_rabbitmq - sends an AMQP message to a RabbitMQ server
event_xmlrpc - issues a RPC command on a RPC server
event_route - runs an OpenSIPS event_route in script
An external application can subscribe to any of the exported module and can be notified using any of the loaded transport modules/protocols.
Events Subscription

You can subscribe for an event either at startup (using the subscribe_event() command in the script) or during runtime, using the event_subscribe MI command.

In order to configure a RabbbitMQ server to be notified when a custom event is triggered, first you have to subscribe it to the event, using the subscribe_event() command:
    startup_route {
        subscribe_event("E_SCRIPT_CUSTOM_EVENT", "rabbitmq:");
Then, in order to trigger the event from the script, call the raise_event() command when needed:
   raise_event("E_SCRIPT_CUSTOM_EVENT");     # raises an event without any parameters

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